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Ancient Roman Coin & Oil Lamp Set
Ancient Roman Coin & Oil Lamp Set
 
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Our Price: $219.95

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Product Code: 20151209001

Description Technical Specs
 
This collection includes five different ancient Roman bronze coins dating from 268-378 CE, together with a genuine ancient Roman oil lamp dating from 100 BCE to 450 CE. The lamp that you receive is a completely unique artifact, similar to the example images shown here. If you would like to recreate the light once produced by this lamp in ancient Rome, use the wick that has been included with your purchase and add olive oil, just as the ancients would have. The coins included in this collection would have been recognized and readily accepted by Roman citizens who used them on a daily basis more than 1,600 years ago. On the obverse of each coin is the likeness of the emperor who issued it. On the reverse are various themes and motifs attesting to the power of Rome and the greatness of the Emperor.

Claudius II Gothicus (268-270 CE)
Despite a brief reign of only two years, Claudius II proved to be one of the most beloved emperors of the later Roman Empire, so much so that upon his death the Senate declared him a God. He won several victories and soon regained control of Spain and Gaul, thus setting the stage for the ultimate destruction of the Gallic Empire under his successor Aurelian. These extraordinary achievements in such a short span earned him the title “Gothicus”.

Diocletian (284-303 CE)
Diocletian is viewed by historians as one of Rome’s great emperors. His vision and foresight led to a series of reforms that put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the “Imperial Crisis” ( 235-284 CE), and ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for several more centuries.

Constantine I “the Great” (306-337 CE)
Came to power largely as a result of internal conflicts among the rulers of the tetrarchy that governed the Empire. His victories over Licinius at Adrianople and Chrysopolis in 324CE made him the “sole ruler” (totius orbis imperator). Constantine is best known for renaming Byzantium as the city of Constantinople (now Istanbul located in Turkey) in 330 CE and established his government there because he abhorred “heathen” Rome. Constantinople later became the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire after the great division of the Empire in 396 CE. Constantine the Great died in 337 after receiving baptism from his deathbed.

Constantine II (337-340 CE)
Following the death of his father Constantine the Great, Constantine II became emperor jointly with his brothers. He received Spain, Gaul (France) and Britain as his area of government. Constantine II consolidated the power of the early Christian Church by making it “the” official religion of the State, as opposed to being merely “an” official religion. He also quarreled heavily with his siblings over territorial divisions of the Empire, so much so that in A.D, 340, Constantine II crossed the Alps and invaded Italy. His forces met the combined armies of his brothers near Aquileia in Northern Italy, and in the ensuing battle, Constantine II was killed.

Valens (364-378 CE)
His reign was spent campaigning against the Goths along the Danube River, and against the Persian menace along the eastern frontier. The Visigoths rampaged through the Thracian and Moesian countryside, ravaging everything in their path. Valens advanced against the barbarians, but in a great battle fought near Hadrianopolis in 378 CE, the Roman army was almost annihilated and the Emperor himself was slain.

Ancient Roman Oil Lamp (100 BCE-450 CE)
To the ancients, an oil lamp was more than just a light source. It was a magical object that conquered the darkness of the night, and allowed life to continue after the sun had set. They were also used for votive offerings to the gods. They were even buried with the dead to comfort the soul and to light the way on the journey to the afterlife. They were generally made in plaster or clay molds, and often included reliefs of floral or geometric patterns.

Throughout most of the ancient world, olive oil was most commonly used as fuel, however oil from fish, nuts and other plants were also in use. Wicks could be made from all sorts of material, including flax, papyrus or reeds. Lamps were used in homes and in public places such as temples and public buildings.

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