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2013 $2500 Battle of Chateauguay and Battle of Crysler - Pure Gold Coin
$2500 2013 Gold Coin - Battle of Chateauguay and Battle of Crysler
 
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Our Price: $69,000.00 ** Tax Exempt **
Year: 2013

RCM# 125377

Stock Status:(out of stock)

Availability: Usually Ships in 1 to 2 Weeks
Product Code: 623932048027

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Royal Canadian Mint engravers faithfully reproduced portions of historical works by Canadian artists to create the reverse design in commemoration of two key battles from the War of 1812.

The upper portion of the coin features a section from the mural Climax of the Action at Crysler’s Farm by Adam Sherriff-Scott (1887-1980). Sherriff-Scott is renowned for his grand depictions of historical subjects and created this powerful image of heavily outnumbered Canadian troops forcing the American invaders across the field in defeat.

The lower portion of the coin features the central portion of the illustration Bataille de la Châteauguay (Battle of the Châteauguay) by Henri Julien (1852-1908). Julien is renowned for his depictions of daily habitant life and for the speed and accuracy of his work as represented in this portrayal of de Salaberry rallying his diverse and united troops in battle.

Both images are cropped in a manner that echoes the map of Upper Canada with the northeastward flow of the St. Lawrence and its two British strongholds—Kingston and Montréal.


The American campaign to capture British strongholds at Kingston and Montréal
Throughout the War of 1812, most of the military action took place in Upper Canada (present-day Ontario), the area surrounding the Great Lakes and extending east into Lower Canada (present-day Québec). After a year of fighting, the Americans still had not achieved victory and set their sights on Montréal and Kingston. By capturing (either of) these strongholds, the Americans would control Britain’s key supply route on the St. Lawrence River and win the war. To that end, they planned a two-pronged invasion—General Hampton would take Montréal and General Wilkinson would advance to Kingston.

Battle of Châteauguay
By October 23, 1813, nearly 3,000 American soldiers under General Hampton were setting up camp on the north shore of the Châteauguay River, downstream from the Canadian forces led by Lieutenant Colonel de Salaberry.

De Salaberry was ready. He had already thwarted numerous attempts to invade Montréal, and had built a network of felled trees and defence lines that took full advantage of the difficult terrain—a move that proved critical as de Salaberry’s men were outnumbered roughly two to one. Among them, Canadian Fencibles, two companies of Voltigeurs, a party of 22 First Nations allies and a company from the 2nd Battalion Sedentary Militia of Beauharnois.

On the morning of October 26th, the intense fighting began, and by 3:00 pm the battle was over with the Americans in retreat. De Salaberry waited for a second attack, but it never came. The bravery and determination of his men combined with de Salaberry’s quick strategic manoeuvring and the clever use of bugles while having his men shout in all directions had convinced the enemy that Canada held the numerical superiority. It was the final time Montréal faced a serious invasion.

Battle of Crysler’s Farm
Upon arriving at Kingston, Wilkinson soon realized that his forces would not be able to take the city and began to sail up the St. Lawrence River to join Hampton at Montréal.

The Canadians were well aware of American movements and Lieutenant-Colonel Morrison followed Wilkinson’s flotilla and harassed it with musket and artillery fire.

After several skirmishes, Wilkinson landed 4,000 men near present-day Morrisburg (Ontario) to confront the Canadian forces which included 49th and 89th Regiments of Foot, three guns and crews of the Royal Artillery, Dundas County Militia, Canadian Fencibles and Voltigeurs, twelve cavalrymen from the Provincial Light Dragoons and 30 Tyendinaga Mohawk allies.

It was November 11, 1813, and the ploughed field of John Crysler became the battlefield. The Canadians were heavily outnumbered, and hoped the difficult terrain surrounding Cryler’s farm would provide a tactical advantage.

After three hours of hard fighting and heavy casualties on both sides, the Americans retreated. Wilkinson planned to resume his campaign after over-wintering nearby at French Mills, but when news of Hampton’s failure at Montréal arrived, the Americans returned to their territory. It was a devastating defeat that permanently quashed any future plans to capture Kin
Features
Produced By: RCM
Denomination: 2500 Dollar

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